The last summits of the African Union (AU) have been characterized by two aspects in particular, the eventual collective withdrawal of the International Criminal Court (ICC) and the creation of African Monetary Fund (AMF) presuming the idea of abandoning the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Can Africa isolate itself from the UN institutions? If so, what objectives will it be able to achieve?
It is important to recall that the Organization of African Unity (OAU) comes from the aspiration towards the ideal advocated by the Fathers of African independence to have a united credible and representative voice for the emancipation of the African Man. From 22 to 25 May 1963, 30 African countries participated in the Ethiopian capital in the conference for the founding of the OAU which marked the advent of the first pan-African organization. Its Charter defines the objectives, principles and institutions, including the eradication of colonialism and the fight against racial discrimination. So, its first resolutions are related to the fight against apartheid and the struggle of liberation movements.
The OAU has among its mission that of strengthening unity and solidarity among African States, coordinating cooperation for the development, preserving sovereignty and territorial integrity of member states, according to the charter approved for the total decolonization of Africa, and to promote international cooperation in the framework of the United Nations. Through its Coordinating Committee for the Liberation of Africa, the OAU supports the emancipation of African peoples under colonial or foreign domination (non-self-governing territories).
Since its inception, the OAU gives special attention to the peaceful settlement of inter-African conflicts. A Commission of Mediation, Conciliation and Arbitration is established for this purpose, but due to its limited resources, the organization sometimes uses councils of sages or ad-hoc committees to try to find solutions to disputes. An African Charter on Human and Peoples ‘Rights was adopted at the 1981 summit in Nairobi, and led to the creation in 1986 of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights.
The continental organization has provided a forum for its member states to adopt coordinated positions on common issues in international fora and to defend the interests of the continent. These initiatives pave the way for the birth of the African Union in July 1999, and officially launched at the Durban Summit in 2002, which was intended to accelerate and deepen the process of economic and political integration in the continent. Its constitutive Act provides organs and institutions inspired in the model of the European Union which adheres unconditionally to human and people’s rights backed and advocated by the United Nations (UN) in the global plan.
The vision of the African Union is to “build an integrated Africa, prosperous and at peace, governed by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force on the world stage where every Man and all African people feel dignified and master of his fate.
It is poorly understood that under the pretext of the AU, some African leaders, for fear of being caught by the atrocities committed against their own people, their neighbours and other Africans, want to influence others to turn their backs on an instance like ICC recognized by the UN and the same AU. Instead, African leaders must understand that we can never build a real Africa knowing that somewhere in African history, there are flaws, impunities and shortcomings that only justice alone could remedy for the salvation and prosperous advancing towards unity and peace desired by all. The AU should go a step back for a better jump, in other words, review its fundamental objectives.
The word of God says, “My people perish for lack of knowledge” (Hosea 4:6) – An example of ignorance that kills, Cabinda.
The OAU (actual African Union) has accepted and approved with the support of the United Nations (UN) the ‘map of the total decolonization of Africa, on which the state of Cabinda is ranked 39th and Angola 35th state, both entitled to independence as separate. This is documented and known to all.
Today, Cabinda is militarily occupied and illegally annexed by Angola, and endures atrocities without precedent and the AU does not say a word about that. It is a total blackout that leaves the world confused to see the AU without reaction to multiple violations of the principles that justify its own existence.
It is unfortunate that the hawkish policy practiced by Angola in Cabinda, in the Congo Basin and other regions on the African continent has intimidated the African Union and even the United Nations and recognized and respected voices of defenders of human and people’s rights related to the fate of the people of Cabinda.
The problem of Cabinda is not and never will be an internal affair of Angola. It involves an international dimension, and therefore its solution requires the involvement of the AU, the UN and the voices of human and people’s rights defenders. Even if they do not do to correct the harm inflicted against the Cabindan people, they should do so at least to challenge Angola that the satisfaction of its ambitions in Cabinda need not be at the cost of the destruction of its people, because Cabindans are also humans who deserve protection under international law like any other people living on this planet.