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Some Memorable Events of the Struggle of the People of Cabinda PDF Print E-mail
Written by Terra Cabinda   
Tuesday, 21 December 2010 16:44

                                                  Some Memorable Events of the Struggle of the People of Cabinda


2010 - Creation of the Liberal Forum for the Emancipation of Cabinda to fill the politic and diplomatic void deliberately created by internal struggles of the Flec.


2010 - Ex-leaders of the Flec-Fac led By Alexandre Tati and Estanislau Boma surrenders to the Government of Angola after the attack of Massabi against Togo’s national team


2010 - Imprisonment and condemnation from 3 to 6 years of Cabindan intellectuals and civic activists by Angolan Government, after the events of Massabi


2010 - Treacherous attack against the convoy of Togolese team attributed to the Flec


2009 - Preliminary meeting for the preparation of the Inter-cabindan Conference, in Paris


2008 - Fernando Lelo arbitrarily sentenced to 12 years in prison


2007 – Some elements close to the President of Flec, led by his son Antoine Nzita, start openly serving Angolan interests


2007 - The Government of Angola illegalizes Mpalabanda (Cabindan Civic Association)


2006 – Cabindan people reject the Memorandum of Integration signed by Bento Bembe


2006 - The Government of Angola imposes the Memorandum of Understanding for Cabinda to Bento Bembe


2005 - Bento Bembe detained in Holland, disappears mysteriously of his fixed residence to reappear as negotiator in supposed negotiations with Angola


2005 - Priests and laymen of the Roman Catholic Church in Cabinda reject the nomination of the Angolan Bishop for the Diocese of Cabinda


2005 - Nomination of the Angolan Bishop D. Filomeno do Nascimento Vieira Dias for the Diocese of Cabinda


2004 - Realization of the Inter-cabindan Conference in Holland where were created the Cabindan Forum for Dialogue as ad-hoc commission of Flec integrating members of the civil society to start contacts with Angola; and the Nkoto-Likanda (CNPC)


2003 - Realization of the Conference “A Common Vision for Cabinda” in the cine Chiloango


003 - Creation of Mpalabanda, Civic Association of Cabinda


2002 - The Angolan forces “FAA” unleash “Operation Vassoura” with the objective to destroy the FLEC-FAC


2002 - The President of Angola José Eduardo dos Santos admits the possibility to carry out the referendum for Cabinda


2002 - Published the first report “Terror in Cabinda” on the human rights with the collaboration of Open Society


1999 - Demonstration of Cabindan Women in the streets of Tchiowa, Cabinda


1999 - Contamination of the sea of Cabinda caused by spills of large quantities of crude


1994 - The President of Angola José Eduardo dos Santos meets with the President of FLEC-FAC Nzita Henriques Tiago, in Paris


1994 - Francisco Xavier Lubota becomes president of the FDC


1992 - Creation of the Democratic Front of Cabinda (FDC)


1991 - Nationalist Demonstration in Cabinda


1991 - The President of Angola José Eduardo dos Santos announces in the Angolan National Assembly the possibility to grant a statute of autonomy for Cabinda


991 - The President of Angola José Eduardo dos Santos promises in Cabinda: "Let’s Talk”


1991 - Realization of the Conference of Cabindan executive group in Lisbon


1991 - Transformation of the Flec/PM into Flec-Renovada


1985 - Flec-Fac signs an agreement of cease-fire with the Angolan forces FAPLA


1985 - Creation of the National Union for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda (UNALEC)


1984 - Creation of the National Union for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda (UNLC)


1984 - Creation of the Diocese of Cabinda


1979 - Disintegration of FLEC 


1979 - Ranque Franque seeks exile in Canada


1976 - Beginning of the guerrilla war for the independence of Cabinda


1976 - The divergences are accentuated in the leadership of FLEC on the philosophy of the development of the struggle

1975 - Outbreak of the called “Classic War” in Cabinda


1974 - Official opening of the office of Flec in the city of Tchiowa, Cabinda


1974 - On 25th of April, the Revolution of Carnations dictates the fall of the Portuguese colonial regime


971 - The issue of Cabinda is presented to the National Assembly of Portugal, in Lisbon


1967 - Nzita Henriques Tiago presents himself to the Portuguese colonial authorities in Cabinda


1967 - Creation of the Cabindan Revolutionary Committee (CRC) by Nzita Henriques Tiago, in Pointe Noire


1965 - Nzita Henriques Tiago integrates the “Angolan Good Offices” with Manuel Lanvo Norman


1964 – The deceased Alexandre Tati leaves the FNLA and organizes a Cabindan guerrilla war from Pointe Noire, which lasts a little time because of the opposition of FLEC presidency that makes him, lose the support of the rearguard


1963 - The Organization of African Unity (OAU), current African Union (AU) enumerates Cabinda as 39th state still to be decolonized, and Angola as 35th, list published in 1964.


1963 - Creation of the Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda (FLEC)


1962 - Creation of the Alliance of the Maiombe (ALIAMA) and of the Committee of Action for the National Unity of Cabinda (CAUNC)


1962 - Ranque Franque in the capacity of President of the MLEC participates in the works of the 4th Commission of the United Nations General Assembly.


1960 - Creation of the Movement for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda (MLEC)


1960 - From the platform of the United Nations General Assembly, Mr. Stéphane Tshitshele, then Vice president and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Congo Brazzaville presented to the international community the request of the Cabindan people.


1959 - Foundation of the group of nationalists known by Cabindan Community (COMCABI)


1959 - Foundation of the group of nationalists known by Social Union of the Mayombes of Luáli (USML)


1959 - Foundation of the “Association des Ressortissants de l'Enclave du Cabinda” (AREC) that later became a political group


1956 - Foundation of the first group of nationalists known as Association of the Natives of the Enclave of Cabinda (AIEC)


1956 - Portugal joins administratively Cabinda and Angola for resource saving reasons.


1954 - Oil exploration begins in Cabinda


1954 - Construction of the monument that symbolizes the Treaty of Simulambuco linking Cabinda to Portugal, during the visit of the 1st Minister of Portugal António Salazar. 
It became a symbol of commemoration of Cabinda integration in Portuguese Nation.


1885 - Cabinda becomes Portuguese protectorate on basis of the Treaty of Simulambuco recognized internationally by the Conference of Berlin for the partition of Africa.


Last Updated on Monday, 03 January 2011 07:59


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